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  • 木托盘共享在中国运行状况
  • 本站编辑:杭州余杭君翔包装制品有限公司 发布日期:2020-12-16 10:35 浏览次数:

木托盘的重复多次利用,为节能减排做出贡献与物流紧密相随,特别是运输包装系统的标准化、单元化、模块化、信息化、共享化及作业一贯化已成为必然趋势,统合包装物流和实施整体包装解决方案已成为现实需求,而实现运输包装系统的循环共用则是节能减排的最现实和最有效的手段之一。

The repeated use of wooden pallets contributes to energy saving and emission reduction, which is closely associated with logistics, especially the standardization, unit, modularization, informatization, sharing and operation consistency of transportation and packaging system has become an inevitable trend. The integration of packaging logistics and the implementation of overall packaging solutions has become a practical demand, and the realization of recycling and sharing of transportation packaging system is energy saving and emission reduction One of the most realistic and effective means.

国家工业和信息化部的报告,我国机电产品一次性木包装如木托盘,年费用约6000亿元人民币,对自然资源和社会资源都是巨大的浪费。工信部对此提出了“节林代木和提高节能与综合利用水平”的要求,国家领导人为此还做出批示。根据国外的成功经验和我们的具体实践证明,通过运输包装系统的循环共享使用可以真正实现资源节约、环境友好和成本降低的目的。以木托盘为基础,建立中国木托盘共用系统正当其时。 据中国物流和采购联合会的报告,我国的物流费用约占GDP的18%,远高于欧美日韩等国约8%的水平。这其中,有相当一部分可以通过运输包装(木托盘)的循环共用和提高物流效率,即通过建立和运营全国性的共用系统以减少木托盘或木包装箱等包装器具和包装材料等的资源消耗,节约能源,减少仓储时间,减少货损,简化管理,提高周转效率,减少资金占用,降低物流费用。 同时,运输包装作为生产制造环节与物流环节的纽带,也已成为整合供应链、提高物流效率的关键环节,其运营方式还关系到资源利用效率、经济性,甚至是安全性。木托盘是运输包装系统的最基本组件,被称为移动的地面,通用性强,基础作用明显,与各产业的关联度高。掌握了托盘的运营就可以很自然地深入到企业供应链,对物质流向、价格经济信息等一清二楚。通过对托盘共用系统在多个产业应用信息的挖掘,甚至能了解一个国家的大体经济运行情况,可以获得非常多和有价值的战略情报。因此,各国政府都对托盘共用系统建设和运营非常重视,都会出台相关政策,并提供政府资金支持。 一般认为,一个国家的托盘拥有总量是衡量其物流现代化水平的标志之一。据有关方面介绍,美国拥有托盘约20亿个,日本约8亿个,并且建立托盘共用系统。一个国家通常只有一、二个共用系统,在政府的扶持下由专业公司运作,它拥有一定数量的托盘,在全国各地建立运营服务中心和回收网络,负责对托盘的回收和维护。

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According to the report of the Ministry of industry and information technology of the people's Republic of China, the annual cost of disposable wooden packaging of mechanical and electrical products, such as wooden pallet, is about 600 billion yuan, which is a huge waste of natural resources and social resources. The Ministry of industry and information technology has put forward the requirements of "saving forest and substituting trees and improving the level of energy conservation and comprehensive utilization", and the state leaders also gave instructions for this. According to the successful experience of foreign countries and our specific practice, it is proved that the purpose of resource saving, environment-friendly and cost reduction can be realized through the circulation and sharing of transportation packaging system. It is the right time to establish a common system of Chinese wooden pallets based on wooden pallets. According to the report of China Federation of logistics and purchasing, China's logistics cost accounts for about 18% of GDP, which is much higher than the level of 8% in Europe, America, Japan, South Korea and other countries. A considerable part of this can be achieved through the circulation and sharing of transportation packaging (wooden pallet) and improve the logistics efficiency, that is, through the establishment and operation of a national common system, the resource consumption of packaging equipment and packaging materials such as wooden pallet or wooden packing box can be reduced, energy saving, storage time reducing, goods damage reducing, management simplified, turnover efficiency improved and capital occupation reduced, Reduce logistics costs. At the same time, as the link between manufacturing and logistics, transportation packaging has become a key link to integrate supply chain and improve logistics efficiency. Its operation mode is also related to resource utilization efficiency, economy, and even security. Wooden pallet is the most basic component of transportation and packaging system, known as the mobile ground, with strong versatility, obvious basic role and high correlation with various industries. Mastering the operation of pallets can naturally go deep into the enterprise supply chain, and have a clear understanding of material flow direction, price and economic information. By mining the application information of pallet sharing system in many industries, we can even understand the general economic operation of a country, and obtain a lot of valuable strategic information. Therefore, governments all over the world attach great importance to the construction and operation of pallet sharing system, and will issue relevant policies and provide government financial support. It is generally believed that the total number of pallets owned by a country is one of the signs to measure the level of logistics modernization. According to the relevant authorities, the United States has about 2 billion pallets and Japan has about 800 million pallets, and has established a pallet sharing system. A country usually has only one or two shared systems, which are operated by professional companies with the support of the government. It has a certain number of pallets, and establishes operation service centers and recycling networks throughout the country to be responsible for the recovery and maintenance of pallets.